Complexity law builds from the proposition that law cannot be fully represented in simple causal models: legal agents constantly change their actions and strategies in response to the outcome they mutually create. This further changes the outcome, which requires them to adjust afresh. Agents thus live in a legal world where their beliefs and strategies are constantly being “tested” for survival within a system that these beliefs and strategies together created.
Complexity law sees law as in a motion, perpetually “computing” itself and perpetually constructing itself anew. Where simple causal models emphasize order, determinacy, deduction and stasis, complexity law focus on contingency, indeterminacy and openness to change. In this framework, time, historical time and real time, becomes important, and a legal solutions is no longer necessarily a set of conditions or decisions, but a pattern, or a set of emergent phenomena, or a set of changes that may induce further changes. It shows us a law perpetually inventing itself, creating novel situations and possibilities for exploring and open for responses.