(P0-05) Regulating Complex Structures is Difficult

Regulation of CANS behavior is difficult, and often the object of cross-disciplinary concern (Clark (1999), Snowden and Boone (2007), Haldane (2009)). Zhang (2014) had, for instance, to conclude that the regulatory problems concerning the legal protection of personal data (of “informational privacy”) result from the networked structures, internal and external to the levels where the “thing” to be regulated itself operates in and coheres. She concluded that complex adaptive system theory can help, because complex adaptive systems are multi-level structures that are networked by definition (Mitchell (2009), Newman (2011)). Thus, a corollary of our working hypotheses is that the research tools and techniques developed in CANS theory are candidates for use in the legal academic discipline when it directs its attention to regulating or influencing the behavior of networked communities.


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Haldane, A. G. (2009). Rethinking the financial network. Speech delivered at the Financial Student Association, Amsterdam, April.
Mitchell, M. (2009). Complexity: a guided tour. Oxford University Press, USA.
Newman, M. E. J. (2011). Complex systems: A survey. Am. J. Phys. 79, 800–810.
Snowden, D. J. and M. E. Boone (2007). A leader’s framework for decision making. Harvard Business Review 85(11), 68.
Zhang, K. (2014). Can Chinese Legislation on Informational Privacy Benefit from European Ex- perience?, Volume 2014-1 of dotLegal Publishing Dissertation Series. dotLegal Publishing.

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